Almost 29% of English words come from French, another 29% come from Latin (assuming you include words used in medicine and law), another 26% come from Germanic languages (including Old/Middle English, Old Norse, Dutch), with other languages contributing the other 15%.
Accordingly, what percent of the English language is borrowed from other languages?
About 80 percent of the entries in any English dictionary are borrowed, mainly from Latin. Over 60 percent of all English words have Greek or Latin roots. In the vocabulary of the sciences and technology, the figure rises to over 90 percent.
What percentage of the English language is French?
The study, published in 1973, offered this breakdown of sources: Latin, 28.34 percent; French, 28.3 percent; Old and Middle English, Old Norse, and Dutch, 25 percent; Greek 5.32 percent; no etymology given, 4.03 percent; derived from proper names, 3.28 percent; all other languages, less than 1 percent.
Why English language is a global language?
How English became the global language. People often talk about English as a global language or lingua franca. With more than 350 million people around the world speaking English as a first language and more than 430 million speaking it as a second language, there are English speakers in most countries around the world
Is English Latin or German based?
Latin influence in English. English is a Germanic language, with a grammar and a core vocabulary inherited from Proto-Germanic. However, a significant portion of the English vocabulary comes from Romance and Latinate sources.
What languages influenced the English language?
Here is a list of the most common foreign language influences in English, where other languages have influenced or contributed words to English.
What is the English language made up of?
So, English is made of Old English, Danish, Norse, and French, and has been changed by Latin, Greek, Chinese, Hindi, Japanese, Dutch and Spanish, and some words from other languages. English grammar has also changed, becoming simpler and less Germanic. The classic example is the loss of case in grammar.
What language influenced Old English?
Old English is one of the Germanic group of Indo-European languages. It was spoken, and written, in England before about 1100AD. It is sometimes referred to as Anglo-Saxon. There were four distinct dialects of Old English: Northumbrian, Mercia, Kentish and West-Saxon.
When did French influence English?
The Norman invasion of England in 1066 had a major impact not only on the country, but also on the English language. William the Conqueror and his merry band of Normans brought with them Norman French, which became the language of the court, government and the upper class for the next three centuries.
What language came before English?
English is a West Germanic language that originated from Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Britain in the mid 5th to 7th centuries AD by Anglo-Saxon settlers from what is now northwest Germany, west Denmark and the Netherlands, displacing the Celtic languages that previously predominated.
What are the five main Romance languages?
The five most widely spoken Romance languages by number of native speakers are Spanish (470 million), Portuguese (250 million), French (150 million), Italian (70 million), and Romanian (25 million).
How was the English language influenced by Latin?
The indirect effect of Latin on English came mainly after the Normans invaded England in 1066. Their language, not suprisingly, influenced English. Since their language (French) was a Romance language descended from Latin, this gave Latin an indirect influence on English. Also Latin has influenced our grammar.
Which are the Germanic languages?
Scholars often divide the Germanic languages into three groups: West Germanic, including English, German, and Netherlandic (Dutch); North Germanic, including Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Faroese; and East Germanic, now extinct, comprising only Gothic and the languages of the Vandals, Burgundians, and a
What kind of language is English?
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the coast of the North Sea, whose languages are now known as the Anglo-Frisian subgroup within West Germanic.
Why are they called Germanic languages?
The Germanic branch is one of the ten or so Indo-European subfamilies. Germanic languages are English’s distant cousins, so to speak. The Germanic family itself has subgroups; English is in the West Germanic branch along with German, Dutch, Afrikaans, and a few others.
Which is not a Celtic language?
Celtic languages Indo-European languages spoken in parts of Britain, Ireland and France, forming a division within the Italo-Celtic subfamily. There are two branches of Celtic languages: Brittonic, which includes Welsh, Breton and Cornish; and Goidelic, including Irish and Scots Gaelic and Manx.
Is English is a phonetic language?
Or you can hear a word and know how to spell it. With phonetic languages, there is a direct relationship between the spelling and the sound. It is important to understand that English is not a phonetic language. So we often do not say a word the same way it is spelled.
Is Korean a phonetic language?
Hangul, the writing system of Korean, is phoneme-based though there are some variations. So, reading and writing is easy although you may not understand meaning. it is a very phonetic language also additional language system as janpanese.if u know his basical rules of pronunciation.
Is it easy to learn Korean?
For reading and writing, Korean is by far the easiest. It uses an alphabet and quite a logical one that’s easy to remember. Korean pronunciation is harder than Japanese for an English speaker, but it doesn’t have tones, which is part of what makes it easier than Chinese. Writing is also very difficult to learn.
What is the most commonly used language in the global community?
Russian’s 155 million speakers make it the world’s eighth most common language. It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations, along with Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French and Spanish.
What are the top 5 international languages?
The Top Languages to Learn in 2018
Mandarin. The official language of China, Mandarin is already the most widely spoken language in the world.
What is the easiest language to learn?
We’ve decided to rank the order from easiest languages to learn to the hardest.