What is the beech tree used for?

Beech trees are deciduous plants that are classified as the Fagus genus and placed in the Fagaceae family. They can be used in the landscape as shade trees. The wood can also be used as lumber or as firewood. As long as the soil drains properly, beech trees can grow in many different conditions.

Also question is, is beech wood a hard wood?

Hardwood. Hardwoods come from broad-leaved, deciduous trees. The main hardwood timbers are ash, beech, birch, cherry, elm, iroko, mahogany, meranti, oak, obeche, sapele and teak.

Is beech wood good for flooring?

The Janka scale rating of the beech wood is 1300, making it slightly harder than red oak. This rating indicates that flooring made from beech lumber is suitable for hardwood floors that would receive moderate to heavy foot traffic.

Is Beech a hard wood?

Hardwood. Hardwoods come from broad-leaved, deciduous trees. The main hardwood timbers are ash, beech, birch, cherry, elm, iroko, mahogany, meranti, oak, obeche, sapele and teak.

Can you stain beech wood?

In most woods, dyes usually are a good alternative when an oil stain causes the wood to blotch. But in beech, even dyes have trouble coloring the wood evenly. To ebonize beech, or make it black, here’s one way to do it: Prep the wood as normal by sanding to about 220 grit.

What is beech wood good for?

WOOD PRODUCTS: Beech wood is used to make flooring, furniture, veneer plywood, and railroad ties. It is especially favored as fuel wood because of its high density and good burning qualities. Coal tar made from beech wood is used to protect wood from rotting.

Are beech nuts edible to humans?

The fruit of the beech tree, known as beechnuts or mast, is found in small burrs that drop from the tree in autumn. They are small, roughly triangular and edible, with a bitter, astringent, or in some cases, mild and nut-like taste. They have a high enough fat content that they can be pressed for edible oil.

Do beech trees lose their leaves?

Marcescence is most obvious in deciduous trees that retain leaves through the winter. Several trees normally have marcescent leaves such as oak (Quercus), beech (Fagus) and hornbeam (Carpinus), or marcescent stipules as in some but not all species of willows (Salix).

How long does it take to grow a beech tree?

Growth Rate. Beech trees grow extremely slowly. The U.S. Forest Service reports that seedlings planted in northern Pennsylvania took 10 years to get 2 feet high. Trees grown in the Great Lakes region required 20 years to grow 14 feet high, 40 years to grow 28 feet high and 80 years to reach 48 feet.

Can you eat a Beech Nut?

Beech nuts are edible! You can pick them straight off the tree and eat the nuts (after you open up the prickly little husks). They’re sweet tasting and have a nice flavor. Very much a treat.

What is the Colour of beech wood?

Color/Appearance: Beech is typically a pale cream color, sometimes with a pink or brown hue. Veneer tends to be slightly darker colored, as slicing the veneer usually requires the wood to be prepared with steam, which gives the wood a more golden tone.

How long does a beech tree live for?

Unlike most other hardwood trees, the American beech retains this smooth bark throughout its “mature” years. The American beech can live for three hundred to four hundred years and can reach heights of eighty feet and diameters in excess of three feet.

Do beech trees produce nuts every year?

The nuts are small but sweet and edible. In this cycle, bumper crops of beech nuts are typically available in the South every three to six years, while in the North the interval is only two to four years. Production during an abundant crop year may be 80 percent higher than in a low production year.

Where does a beech tree grow?

Beech is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Fagaceae. There are 11 species of beech that can be found in the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Beech usually grows on chalk, limestone and other well-drained and fertile types of soil.

How tall is the beech tree?

Fagus sylvatica is a large tree, capable of reaching heights of up to 50 m (160 ft) tall and 3 m (9.8 ft) trunk diameter, though more typically 25–35 m (82–115 ft) tall and up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) trunk diameter. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m (13 ft) tall.

Is Beech a good wood for furniture?

One of the advantages of using beech wood for furniture is that it is odourless. It absorbs a lot of moisture, which makes it not good as outdoor furniture, or to be used in locations where the air can get humid or very damp. Ash Wood. Ash wood is a heavy hardwood with a grain that looks like oak.

Where do beech trees grow in the US?

The American beech is native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario in southeastern Canada, west to Wisconsin and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida in the United States. Trees in the southern half of the range are sometimes distinguished as a variety, F. grandifolia var.

What are the uses of ash trees?

People have used ash timber for years. It is one of the toughest hardwoods and absorbs shocks without splintering. It is used for making tools and sport handles, including hammers, axes, spades, hockey sticks and oars. An attractive wood, it is also used for furniture.

Are beech trees Evergreen?

Hornbeam will tolerate wetter soils and it is also deciduous (not evergreen). Portugal Laurel (Prunus lusitanica) is a good alternative if you want an evergreen hedge with small, dark green leaves. It grows quicker than Beech and has bright red stems.

Do beech trees have catkins?

Flowers: beech is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers grow on the same tree, in April and May. The tassel-like male catkins hang from long stalks at the end of twigs, while female flowers grow in pairs, surrounded by a cup. Beech is wind pollinated. Look out for: the edges of the leaves are hairy.

What are the uses of cherry wood?

The rich reddish-brown wood is strong, hard, and close-grained. It works well and finishes smoothly, making it one of the most valued cabinet and furniture woods in North America. Black cherry wood is also used for paneling, interior trim, veneers, handles, crafts, toys, and scientific instruments.

Is beech wood good for flooring?

The Janka scale rating of the beech wood is 1300, making it slightly harder than red oak. This rating indicates that flooring made from beech lumber is suitable for hardwood floors that would receive moderate to heavy foot traffic.

Is Birch a good wood for hardwood floors?

The Janka rating is one of the easiest ways to determine the durability of a hardwood. The Janka rating for yellow birch is 1260 and for sweet birch 1470. The yellow birch is the most commonly used in flooring and is only slightly less strong than red oak, while the sweet birch is slightly harder than hard maple.