What is the atomic mass of silicon?

28.0855 u ± 0.0003 u

Thereof, what is the weighted average atomic mass of silicon?

Question: The weighted average atomic mass of silicon on the periodic table is 28.0855 amu. It is primarily mass of 27.9769 amu and an abundance of 92.23%. The other isotopes have masses of 28.9765 amu and 29.9738 amu.

How many protons are in SI 28?

The atomic number is equal to the number of protons in the atom, therefore silicon has 14 protons. In a neutral species, the number of protons equals the number of electrons so silicon also has 14 electrons. The mass number is the number of protons plus neutrons, therefore 28 – 14 protons equal 14 neutrons.

How do you find the atomic mass of an isotope?

The chlorine isotope with 18 neutrons has an abundance of 0.7577 and a mass number of 35 amu. To calculate the average atomic mass, multiply the fraction by the mass number for each isotope, then add them together.

What is the color of silicon?

Data ZoneClassification:Silicon is a metalloidColor:silveryAtomic weight:28.0855State:solidMelting point:1414 oC, 1687 K

How much does it cost to buy silicon?

Regular grade silicon (99%) costs about $0.50/g. Silicon 99.9% pure costs about $50/lb; hyperpure silicon may cost as much as $100/oz.

What are two things silicon is used for?

The element silicon is used extensively as a semiconductor in solid-state devices in the computer and microelectronics industries. For this, hyperpure silicon is needed. The silicon is selectively doped with tiny amounts of boron, gallium, phosphorus or arsenic to control its electrical properties.

Where is Silicon found on the earth?

Silicon makes up 25.7% of the earth’s crust by weight, and is the second most abundant element, exceeded only by oxygen. It is found largely as silicon oxides such as sand (silica), quartz, rock crystal, amethyst, agate, flint, jasper and opal.

Is silicon a liquid solid or gas?

The Atomic Number of this element is 14 and the Element Symbol is Si. Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Silicon is classified as a “Metalloid” element and is located in Groups 13, 14,15, 16 and 17 of the Periodic Table.

What is the atom with 14 protons?

2.1 Electrons, Protons, Neutrons, and AtomsAluminumAl13SiliconSi14PhosphorusP15SulphurS16

How many protons and neutrons are in chlorine?

NameChlorineAtomic Mass35.453 atomic mass unitsNumber of Protons17Number of Neutrons18Number of Electrons17

How many electrons are in the outer shell of a silicon atom?

It has two electrons in its first shell, eight electrons in the second shell, and four electrons in the third shell. Since the electrons in the third shell are the outermost electrons, silicon has four valence electrons.

How many protons and neutrons and electrons are in Boron?

What make Boron Boron is that it has 5 protons, and will therefor have 5 electrons in the unionized state. While I was looking this up I learned that there are two stable isotopes, Boron 10 with five neutrons, and boron 11 with six. The more common is boron 11, which is 80.1% of naturally occuring boron.

Where was discovered silicon?

Silicon was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius, a Swedish chemist, in 1824 by heating chips of potassium in a silica container and then carefully washing away the residual by-products. Silicon is the seventh most abundant element in the universe and the second most abundant element in the earth’s crust.

How many neutrons are there in nitrogen?

Using information found on the Periodic Table of Elements, we can tell that an average atom of nitrogen contains 7 protons, 7 neutrons and 7 electrons. Now that you know how many protons, neutrons and electrons you will need for your model, it is time to decide what to use to represent them.

What is the atomic mass of helium rounded?

The mass number can be found by rounding the average atomic mass to the nearest whole number. For example, the average atomic mass of lithium is 6.941 amu. The mass number of lithium is 7 (6.941 rounds to 7).

How many neutrons are there in iron?

NameIronAtomic Mass55.845 atomic mass unitsNumber of Protons26Number of Neutrons30Number of Electrons26

How many protons and neutrons does phosphorus have?

So, this element has 15 protons (atomic number), 15 electrons, and 16 neutrons (mass number minus atomic number).

How many neutrons are in oxygen?

The number eight also means that oxygen has eight protons in the nucleus. The number of protons and the number of electrons are always the same in an element that is neutral and has no charge. Therefore oxygen has 8 electrons. You will find that the atomic weight of oxygen is about 16.

What is the molar mass of phosphorus in g mol?

[NOTE: If you only wanted the molar mass of single atoms of phosphorous, then m=30.97gmol ; That is a mole of isolated phosphorous atoms would weigh 30.97 grams.]

Is Silicon a metalloid?

Boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, antimony, and tellurium are recognised commonly as metalloids. Depending on the author, one or more from selenium, polonium, or astatine are sometimes added to the list. Boron sometimes is excluded, by itself, or with silicon. Sometimes tellurium is not regarded as a metalloid.

How many electrons would be in the second energy level of an atom of SI?

Consider the element silicon (atomic symbol Si). Silicon is composed of 14 electrons, 14 protons, and (in most cases) 14 neutrons. In its ground state, silicon has two electrons in the n = 1 energy level, eight in the n = 2 energy level, and four in the n = 3 energy level, as shown on the energy diagram to the left.

What family does the element silicon belong to?

Silicon (Si), a nonmetallic chemical element in the carbon family (Group 14 [IVa] of the periodic table). Silicon makes up 27.7 percent of Earth’s crust; it is the second most abundant element in the crust, being surpassed only by oxygen.

How many protons neutrons and electrons are found in an argon atom?

Argon’s atomic number is 18, so it has 18 protons; in the neutral (ordinary; un-ionized) atom, there are therefore 18 electrons. The neutron number depends on which isotope you’re considering. The argon on Earth is chiefly 4°Ar, so it has 22 neutrons.