What is the area just below the sternum called?

The sternum, or breastbone, is a flat bone at the front center of the chest. The ribs and sternum make up what is called the ‘ribcage.’ The ribcage protects the lungs, blood vessels, and heart, along with parts of the spleen, stomach, and kidneys from traumatic injury.

Similarly, you may ask, what organ is located just below the left breast?

The left side of the body houses a number of vital organs. Under and around the left breastbone are the heart, spleen, stomach, pancreas, and large intestine. And that’s in addition to the left lung, left breast, and left kidney, which actually sits higher in the body than the right one.

What organ is on left side under rib cage?

What is the spleen and what causes an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)? The spleen sits under your rib cage in the upper left part of your abdomen toward your back. It is an organ that is part of the lymph system and works as a drainage network that defends your body against infection.

What causes discomfort in the sternum area?

Costochondritis is the most common cause. The most common cause of sternum pain is a condition called costochondritis. This occurs when the cartilage that connects your ribs to your sternum becomes inflamed. pain or discomfort in one or more ribs.

Where is the sternum located in the body?

The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone located in the center of the chest. It connects to the ribs via cartilage and forms the front of the rib cage, thus helping to protect the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels from injury.

Can you pop your chest bone?

When you hear your sternum “popping,” you’re hearing the sternocostal and costochondral joints “click” or “pop.” In many cases, a popping joint isn’t cause for concern unless it’s causing pain, discomfort, or swelling.

What does sternum pain mean?

Costochondritis Overview. Costochondritis is an inflammation of the junctions where the upper ribs join with the cartilage that holds them to the breastbone, or sternum. The condition causes localized chest pain that you can reproduce by pushing on the cartilage in the front of your ribcage.

What is made in the sternum?

The Sternum or breastbone is a blade-shaped, elongated bone that closes the front of the thorax and is part of the axial skeleton. The sternum is formed from two fused sections of bone and, at the lowest tip, the xiphoid process which is made of cartilage.

What is sternum pain?

Costochondritis Facts. Costochondritis is inflammation of the junctions where the upper ribs join the costal cartilage that attaches them to the breastbone (sternum). Costochondritis causes localized chest wall pain and tenderness that can be reproduced by pushing on the involved cartilage in the front of the rib cage.

What is the collarbone called?

The clavicle or collarbone is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone. There are two clavicles, one on the left and one on the right. The clavicle is the only long bone in the body that lies horizontally.

What kind of bone is the sternum?

The flat bones include the scapula (wingbone), the ribs, and the sternum (breastbone). Irregular bones: Irregular bones are irregular in size and shape and are usually quite compact. They include the bones in the vertebral column, the carpal bones in the hands, tarsal bones in the feet, and the patella (kneecap).

What is it called when your chest sticks out?

Pectus carinatum (PC, or pigeon chest) is a chest wall deformity where there is overgrowth of the cartilage between the ribs and the sternum (breastbone), causing the middle of the chest to stick out. PC is usually treated with a brace called a chest orthosis; however, occasionally surgery is required.

How many are floating ribs?

Floating rib: One of the last two ribs. A rib is said to be “floating” if it does not attach to the sternum (the breast bone) or to another rib. There are usually 12 pairs of ribs in all. Each pair of ribs is attached to the building blocks of the spine (the vertebrae) in the back.

What is the role of the sternum?

The sternum, or breastbone, is a long, flat, bony plate that forms the most anterior section of the rib cage. The primary function of the sternum is the protection of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels from physical damage. The sternum is made of the manubrium, the gladiolus, and the xiphoid process.

Where is a hiatal hernia?

The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm — the muscular wall separating the chest cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus (food pipe) goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach. In a hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia) the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening.

What is a substernal chest pain?

Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is defined as recurring angina-like substernal chest pain of noncardiac origin. Symptoms of NCCP are often described as squeezing, burning substernal chest pain that may radiate to the back, neck, arms, and jaws.

What organs are located in the rib cage?

The ribs partially enclose and protect the chest cavity, where many vital organs (including the heart and the lungs) are located. The rib cage is collectively made up of long, curved individual bones with joint-connections to the spinal vertebrae.

What kind of bone is the femur?

Long bones function to support the weight of the body and facilitate movement. Long bones are mostly located in the appendicular skeleton and include bones in the lower limbs (the tibia, fibula, femur, metatarsals, and phalanges) and bones in the upper limbs (the humerus, radius, ulna, metacarpals, and phalanges).

Where is the diaphragm?

The diaphragm, located below the lungs, is the major muscle of respiration. It is a large, dome-shaped muscle that contracts rhythmically and continually, and most of the time, involuntarily. Upon inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and flattens and the chest cavity enlarges.

What is the shoulder blade called?

In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone).

What is the humerus bone?

It is located between the elbow joint and the shoulder. At the elbow, it connects primarily to the ulna, as the forearm’s radial bone connects to the wrist. At the shoulder, the humerus connects to the frame of the body via the glenoid fossa of the scapula. The humerus is one of the longest bones in the body.