Archimedes, (born c. 287 bce, Syracuse, Sicily [Italy]—died 212/211 bce, Syracuse), the most-famous mathematician and inventor in ancient Greece. Archimedes is especially important for his discovery of the relation between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cylinder.
Similarly, you may ask, what is the Apollonius theorem?
In geometry, Apollonius’s theorem is a theorem relating the length of a median of a triangle to the lengths of its side. It states that “the sum of the squares of any two sides of any triangle equals twice the square on half the third side, together with twice the square on the median bisecting the third side”.
When was Apollonius born?
Where was Apollonius of Perga born?
What is Archimedes most famous for?
Archimedes was born in Syracuse on the eastern coast of Sicily and educated in Alexandria in Egypt. He is most famous for discovering the law of hydrostatics, sometimes known as ‘Archimedes’ principle’, stating that a body immersed in fluid loses weight equal to the weight of the amount of fluid it displaces.
What did the Archimedes do?
The discovery of the displacement of water in the bath tub led into hydrostatics. He also did work in integral calculus and work on pi. King Hiero came to Archimedes to get help in developing weapons to fight the Roman general Marcellus, who attacked Syracuse by both land and sea.
How was Archimedes killed?
Archimedes died c. 212 BC during the Second Punic War, when Roman forces under General Marcus Claudius Marcellus captured the city of Syracuse after a two-year-long siege. According to this story, Archimedes was carrying mathematical instruments, and was killed because the soldier thought that they were valuable items.
What is the Archimedes death ray?
Archimedes Death Ray: October, 2005. Ancient Greek and Roman historians recorded that during the siege of Syracuse in 212 BC, Archimedes (a notably smart person) constructed a burning glass to set the Roman warships, anchored within bow and arrow range, afire.
What is Euclid best known for?
Although Euclid is a famous mathematician, very little is known about his life. It is believed that he was a student of Plato. Euclid was born around 365 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt and lived until about 300 B.C. Euclid’s most famous work is his collection of 13 books, dealing with geometry, called The Elements.
What were some of the accomplishments of Archimedes?
The achievements of Archimedes are quite outstanding. He is considered by most historians of mathematics as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He perfected a methods of integration which allowed him to find areas, volumes, surface areas, and centers of mass of many geometrical objects.
What is Pythagoras known for?
The Pythagorean Theorem was one of the earliest theorems known to ancient civilizations. This famous theorem is named for the Greek mathematician and philosopher, Pythagoras. Pythagoras founded the Pythagorean School of Mathematics in Cortona, a Greek seaport in Southern Italy.
Who said Eureka and why?
What were the accomplishments of Archimedes?
Archimedes’ Greatest Achievements: In the 3rd Century BC, Archimedes: invented the sciences of mechanics and hydrostatics. discovered the laws of levers and pulleys, which allow us to move heavy objects using small forces.
Do not disturb my circles?
Noli turbare circulos meos! “Nōlī turbāre circulōs meōs!” is a Latin phrase, meaning “Do not disturb my circles!”. It may have been uttered by Archimedes as his last words, though there is no reliable evidence of this.
Who was Archimedes and what was he known for?
Archimedes was born in the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. He was the son of an astronomer and mathematician named Phidias. Aside from that, very little is known about the early life of Archimedes or his family.
Who discovered the pi?
The Babylonians estimated pi to be about 25/8 (3.125), while the Egyptians estimated it to be about 256/81 (roughly 3.16). The Ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 BC) is largely considered to be the first to calculate an accurate estimation of the value of pi.
Who was friends with Archimedes?
Ancient Greek biographer Plutarch, relates Archimedes to King Hiero II of Syracuse. He says Archimedes achieved so much fame because of his relation to King Hiero II and Gelon (son of King Hiero II). He was a close friend of Gelon and helped Hiero solve complex problem with extreme ease, utterly amazing his friend.
What is the meaning of the name Archimedes?
Archimedes. [är′k?-mē′dēz] Greek mathematician, engineer, and inventor. He made numerous mathematical discoveries, including the ratio of the radius of a circle to its circumference as well as formulas for the areas and volumes of various geometric figures.
How did Archimedes discover the principle?
Archimedes’ principle, physical law of buoyancy, discovered by the ancient Greek mathematician and inventor Archimedes, stating that any body completely or partially submerged in a fluid (gas or liquid) at rest is acted upon by an upward, or buoyant, force the magnitude of which is equal to the weight of the fluid
What was the Archimedes sphere for?
On the Sphere and Cylinder (Greek: Περ? σφαίρας κα? κυλίνδρου) is a work that was published by Archimedes in two volumes c. 225 BC. It most notably details how to find the surface area of a sphere and the volume of the contained ball and the analogous values for a cylinder, and was the first to do so.
What is the quote by Archimedes?
“Give me a place to stand and I will move the earth.” “Give me but a firm spot on which to stand, and I shall move the earth.” “Give me a place to stand, and a lever long enough, and I will move the world. ”
What is an Archimedes screw and what is it used for?
An Archimedes’ screw, also known by the name the Archimedean screw or screw pump, is a machine historically (and also currently) used for transferring water from a low-lying body of water into irrigation ditches.
Who invented the Archimedes screw water pump?
Archimedes (287-212 B.C.) is the traditional inventor of this device, which was originally used for irrigation in the Nile delta and for pumping out ships. I have seen a nineteenth century Archimedes’ screw still at work pumping water in a windmill at Schermerhoorn in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands.
Who was Pythagoras?
Pythagoras, (born c. 570 bce, Samos, Ionia [Greece]—died c. 500–490 bce, Metapontum, Lucanium [Italy]), Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the Pythagorean brotherhood that, although religious in nature, formulated principles that influenced the thought of Plato and Aristotle and contributed to the