What is the Alpine region?

The term Alpine states or Alpine countries refers to the territory of eight countries associated with the Alpine region, as defined by the Alpine Convention of 1991: Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

Also know, where is the Alpine located?

Alpine biomes are found in mountain regions worldwide, including the Andes, Alps, and Rocky Mountains. The alpine biome usually lies between an altitude of about 10,000 feet (3,000 meters), and the place where the snow line of a mountain begins.

Where are the Alpine mountains?

The Alps (/ælps/; French: Alpes [alp]; German: Alpen [ˈalpn?]; Italian: Alpi [ˈalpi]; Romansh: Alps; Slovene: Alpe [ˈáːlp?]) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France

What countries have the Alps in them?

Southern Europe: The Alps of northern Italy, southern France, Switzerland, and Slovenia. Located in Central Europe, the Alps stretch across the countries of France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

What are the Alpine regions?

Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line. This climate is also referred to as a mountain climate or highland climate.

Where are alpine located?

Large regions of alpine tundra occur in the Himalayas in Asia, American Cordillera in North and South America, the Alps, the Scandinavian mountains, Pyrenees and Carpathian Mountains of Europe, the Caucasus Mountains, the Rift Mountains of Africa, and a large portion of the Tibetan Plateau.

What is the definition of alpine forest?

Alpine plants occur in a tundra: a type of natural region or biome that does not contain trees. Alpine tundra occurs in mountains worldwide. It transitions to subalpine forests below the tree line; stunted forests occurring at the forest-tundra ecotone are known as Krummholz.

Where is Alpine?

Alpine is a census-designated place (CDP) in the Cuyamaca Mountains of San Diego County, California. Alpine had a population of 14,236 at the 2010 census, up from 13,143 at the 2000 census.

What city is Mont Blanc in?

Mont Blanc, Italian Monte Bianco, mountain massif and highest peak (15,771 feet [4,807 metres]) in Europe. Located in the Alps, the massif lies along the French-Italian border and reaches into Switzerland.

What is the meaning of alpine vegetation?

Alpine vegetation refers to the zone of vegetation between the altitudinal limit for tree growth and the nival zone. Alpine zones in Tasmania can be difficult to classify owing to Tasmania’s maritime climate limiting snow lie to short periods and the presence of a tree line that is not clearly defined.

What is an alpine desert?

Zone 5: Alpine Desert. Altitude: roughly 13,200 to 16,500 feet. Blinding glare, high evaporation, and wide daily changes in temperature characterize the alpine desert, which can drop to freezing at night and soar to over 100°F during the day.

Why do trees stop growing at the tree line?

The tree line is the edge of the habitat at which trees are capable of growing. It is found at high elevations and high latitudes. Beyond the tree line, trees cannot tolerate the environmental conditions (usually cold temperatures or associated lack of available moisture).

What region are the Appalachian Mountains located in?

The term is often used more restrictively to refer to regions in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains, usually including areas in the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, and North Carolina, as well as sometimes extending as far south as northern Alabama, Georgia and western South

What is the average temperature in the alpine biome?

It is so cold because of its high altitudes. Summer temperature range between -12 degrees Celsius to 10 degrees Celsius. The average precipitation is 30 cm a year. It is very much like the Tundra biome.

Which countries do the Dolomites border?

The Italian Alps extend all across the north of Italy, along its borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. The Dolomites are but a small section of the Alps, located in the northeast part of the country.

Why is it called the Andes?

The Andes are the result of plate tectonics processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American Plate. The main cause of the rise of the Andes is the compression of the western rim of the South American Plate due to the subduction of the Nazca Plate and the Antarctic Plate.

What countries are in the Alps?

The Alps are one of the largest and highest mountain ranges in the world, forming an arc of 1,200 km in length from Nice to Vienna and covering about 192,000 km². The mountain range stretches across 8 different countries: France, Monaco, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria and Slovenia.

How old is the Alps?

Geology. The Alps emerged during the Alpine orogeny, an event that began about 65 million years ago as the Mesozoic Era was drawing to a close.

What is so special about the Alps?

The Alps have always been an important part of Europe. They are geographically important, representing 11% of Europe’s surface and heavily influencing its climate. They are culturally important for a shared, cross-national Alpine culture has developed on their valleys and mountains.

What continent is the Alps in?

The Alps form a part of a Tertiary orogenic belt of mountain chains along the southern margin of the continents Asia and Europe, called the Alpide belt. This belt of mountain chains was formed during the Alpine orogeny.

What are the French Alps called?

The French Alps are the portions of the Alps mountain range that stand within France, located in the Rhône-Alpes and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur regions. While some of the ranges of the French Alps are entirely in France, others, such as the Mont Blanc massif, are shared with Switzerland and Italy.

Where are the Pyrenees mountain?

The Pyrenees Mountain Range – Map and Details. The Pyrenees Mountains form the natural border between France and Spain, and it completely engulfs the nation of Andorra.

When did the Alps start to form?

The Alps formed about 34 to 23 million years ago, in the Tertiary era. The African tectonic plate bumped into the European tectonic plate. As the two plates pushed on each other, they pushed a bunch of rocks up, just like when you push two piles of sand toward each other on the beach.

What is known as the Roof of the World?

It’s called the “Roof of the World” with good reason — the Tibetan Plateau stands over 3 miles above sea level and is surrounded by imposing mountain ranges that harbor the world’s two highest summits, Mount Everest and K2.