A water extinguisher should only be used on Class A fires (Combustibles such as wood, paper, cloth, trash, and plastics). If used on a Class B fire (flammable liquid of gas or paint. flammable gases, such as propane or butane) the discharge could help spread the flammable liquid or gas.
Then, what is a fire extinguisher used for?
Sodium bicarbonate, regular or ordinary used on class B and C fires, was the first of the dry chemical agents developed. In the heat of a fire, it releases a cloud of carbon dioxide that smothers the fire. That is, the gas drives oxygen away from the fire, thus stopping the chemical reaction.
What are water fire extinguishers?
Water and Foam. Foam agents also separate the oxygen element from the other elements. Water extinguishers are for Class A fires only – they should not be used on Class B or C fires. The discharge stream could spread the flammable liquid in a Class B fire or could create a shock hazard on a Class C fire.
How do water fire extinguishers work?
Water extinguishers work by removing heat from the fire. Dry chemical extinguishers are tanks of foam or dry powder with compressed nitrogen as the propellant. They work by smothering the fire: when you put a layer of powder or foam on the fire, you cut the fuel off from the oxygen around it, and the fire goes out.
What is an ABC fire extinguisher used for?
ABC Fire Extinguishers. They use monoammonium phosphate which is a dry chemical that is able to quickly put out the fire. It is a pale yellow powder that is able to put out all three classes of fire; Class A for trash, wood and paper, Class B for liquids and gases, and Class C for energized electrical sources.
What are powder fire extinguishers used for?
Powder extinguishers are a good multi-purpose fire extinguisher because they can be used on Class A, B and C fires. They can also be used on fires involving electrical equipment however, they do not cool the fire so it can re-ignite.
What are the 4 types of fires?
There are four different types, or classes, of fire: Class A fires involve solid materials of an organic nature such as wood, paper, cloth, rubber and plastics that do not melt. Class B fires involves liquids. They include petrol, diesel, thinners, oils, paints, wax, cooking fat and plastics that melt.
What color is a water fire extinguisher?
How are fire extinguishers identified?Type of ExtinguisherColour coding under BS EN 3Previous colour codingWaterRedRedWater mistWhite and redWhite and redFoamRed with a cream panel above the operating instructionsCreamABC Dry PowderRed with a blue panel above the operating instructions
How do you properly use a fire extinguisher?
A simple fire extinguisher training technique to use with employees is the PASS method:
PPull the pin on the extinguisher.
AAim the hose nozzle low toward the base of the fire.
SSqueeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent.
SSweep the nozzle from side to side at the base of the flames until extinguished.
Where should you aim a fire extinguisher for it to be most effective?
Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire. Hitting the tops of the flame with the extinguisher won’t be effective. You got to smother the sucker at its base. Squeeze the trigger.
What fire extinguisher to use?
Fire extinguishers with a Class B rating are effective against flammable liquid fires. These can be fires where cooking liquids, oil, gasoline, kerosene, or paint have become ignited. Two commonly used chemicals are effective in fighting these types of fires.
What are the four types of fire extinguishers?
There are four classes of fire extinguishers – A, B, C and D – and each class can put out a different type of fire. Multipurpose extinguishers can be used on different types of fires and will be labeled with more than one class, like A-B, B-C or A-B-C.
What are the 5 different classes of fire?
There are 3 classes of common fires and 2 specialty classes. Fires are classified into 5 groups: CLASS A: Class A fires involve common combustibles such as wood, paper, cloth, rubber, trash and plastics. They are common in typical commercial and home settings, but can occur anywhere these types of materials are found.
What are the four main types of fire extinguishers?
There are five main types of fire extinguishers:
What is a co2 fire extinguisher used for?
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Extinguishers. Overview: CO2 extinguishers are predominantly used for electrical fire risks and are usually the main fire extinguisher type provided in computer server rooms. They also put out Class B fires (flammable liquids, such as paint and petroleum).
What is a Class D fire?
A Class D fire is characterised by the presence of burning metals. Only certain metals are flammable and examples of combustible metals include sodium, potassium, uranium, lithium, plutonium and calcium, with the most common Class D fires involve magnesium and titanium.
What does the fire alarm sign mean?
Red is used to denote danger and they indicate the location of fire equipment in an emergency situation. These signs are installed to instantly show occupants of a commercial or publically accessed building the location of fire equipment, such as fire alarms, fire extinguishers, fire hoses and emergency stop buttons.
What is the safe distance to use a fire extinguisher?
Aim low, pointing the extinguisher nozzle (or its horn or hose) at the base of the fire. Stand approximately 8 feet away. Note: Do not touch the plastic discharge horn; it may get very cold and may damage skin. S SQUEEZE.
What is in a class K fire extinguisher?
Only the class K fire extinguisher is compatible with the wet chemical agents. they are not designed to be used for class K kitchen fires. Class K fires most often occur where cooking media (fats, greases, and oils) are used. These are most often found in commercial cooking operations.
What is classed as a Class A fire?
Class A fires consist of ordinary combustibles such as wood, paper, fabric, plastic, and most kinds of trash. These are fires whose fuel is flammable or combustible liquid or gas. The US system designates all such fires “Class B”.
What fire extinguisher is for petrol?
Foam Extinguisher (AFFF) Fires involving solids and burning liquids, such as paint and petrol but not suitable for chip or fat pan fires. Safe on fires caused by electricity if tested to 35kV (dielectric test) and a 1m safety distance is adhered to.
What is the Coast Guard requirement for fire extinguishers?
Boats less than 26′ have to have at least one B-1 fire extinguisher on board. Boats 26′-40′ need to have at least two B-1 fire extinguishers on board. If the boat has a USCG approved fire extinguisher system installed for protection of the engine compartment, then the required number may be reduced.
What is the chemical in a wet chemical fire extinguisher?
Wet Chemical Fire Extinguishers contains a solution of potassium which effectively attacks the flame in two methods: Firstly the mist cools the fire and lowers the temperature to stop the fire spreading, also prevents splashing of the hot oils/fat.
How often does a fire extinguisher need to be inspected?
The monthly checks should be documented. Also, the fire extinguisher should be inspected and certified annually by a fire protection equipment company. A complete breakdown and internal inspection must be done every 6 years. Both the annual and 6 year inspections shall be done by a fire protection equipment company.