What family group is boron in?

The boron group are the chemical elements in group 13 of the periodic table, comprising boron (B), aluminium (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In), thallium (Tl), and perhaps also the chemically uncharacterized nihonium (Nh).

Regarding this, what group is indium in?

IndiumGeneral propertiesAtomic number (Z)49Groupgroup 13 (boron group)Periodperiod 5Element categorypost-transition metal

What is the family name of indium?

Indium is part of the aluminum family in Group 13 (IIIA) of the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to each other. Indium was discovered in 1863 by German chemists Ferdinand Reich (1799-1882) and Hieronymus Theodor Richter (1824-98).

Why is aluminum in Group 13?

These elements are found in Group 13 (XIII) of the p block in the Periodic Table of Elements. Aluminum, gallium, indium, and thallium are metallic. They each have three electrons in their outermost shell (a full s orbital and one electron in the p orbital) with the valence electron configuration ns2np1.

What is the family name for Group 13 elements?

Group 13: The Boron Family. The boron family contains elements in group 13 of the periodic talbe and include the semi-metal boron (B) and the metals aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In), and thallium (Tl).

What family is Group 14 in?

The Carbon Family[edit] Group 14 (IVA) consists of carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, and lead. Carbon is a non-metal, silicon and germanium are metalloids, and tin and lead are metals.

How many elements are in the boron family?

Boron group element, any of the six chemical elements constituting Group 13 (IIIa) of the periodic table. The elements are boron (B), aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In), thallium (Tl), and nihonium (Nh).

Why is oxygen in Group 16?

The oxygen family, also called the chalcogens, consists of the elements found in Group 16 of the periodic table and is considered among the main group elements. It consists of the elements oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium and polonium. We need oxygen all the time throughout our lives.

What is the boron family used for?

Only one member of this family is a metalloid — boron. The others are classified as metals, forming positive ions by giving up their three outermost electrons. Boron is most commonly found as borax and boric acid, which are used in cleaning compounds. Aluminum is the third most common element in the earth’s crust.

What element in Group 14 is a nonmetal?

Group 14 is the carbon family. The five members are carbon, silicon, germanium, tin, and lead. All of these elements have four electrons in their outermost energy level. Of the Group 14 elements, only carbon and silicon form bonds as nonmetals (sharing electrons covalently).

Is boron a liquid or a solid?

Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Boron is classified as a “Metalloid” element and is located in Groups 13, 14,15, 16 and 17 of the Periodic Table.

What group is mercury in?

Group 12 element. Group 12, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table. It includes zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg).

What is the family of plutonium?

The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to one another. The actinides get their name from element 89, actinium, which is sometimes considered the first member of the family. Plutonium is also called a transuranium element. The term transuranium means “beyond uranium.”

What family is silicon in?

Silicon (Si), a nonmetallic chemical element in the carbon family (Group 14 [IVa] of the periodic table). Silicon makes up 27.7 percent of Earth’s crust; it is the second most abundant element in the crust, being surpassed only by oxygen.

Is Group 3 metals?

When the group is understood to contain all of the lanthanides, its trivial name is the rare-earth metals. Three group 3 elements occur naturally, scandium, yttrium, and either lanthanum or lutetium. They all are silvery-white metals under standard conditions.

How would you classify hydrogen and why?

Hydrogen is classified as a non-metal based on its physical properties. All elements in group one have one valence electrons, as does hydrogen. In terms of its chemical reactions hydrogen can form both covalent and ionic bonds. It bonds covalently with other non-metals such as nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, carbon, etc.

What is in the nitrogen family?

This group is also known as the nitrogen family. It consists of the elements nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), bismuth (Bi), and perhaps the chemically uncharacterized synthetic element moscovium (Mc). In modern IUPAC notation, it is called Group 15.

What are the uses of the carbon family?

The carbon family elements are important in daily life and in industry. Carbon is the basis for organic life. Its allotrope graphite is used in pencils and rockets. Living organisms, proteins, plastics, food, and organic building materials all contain crbon.

Is the element boron a metal or nonmetal?

Boron is classified as a metalloid Metalloid – Wikipedia it has properties of both metals and nonmetals. I’d say Boron is a non metallic element and the only non-metal of the group 13 of the periodic table the elements. Boron is electron-deficient, possessing a vacant p-orbital.

What elements are most similar to magnesium?

elements somewhat white similar. The second column on the periodic table of the chemical elements is collectively called the alkaline earth metal group: beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium.

What is the carbon group?

The carbon group is a periodic table group consisting of carbon (C), silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), tin (Sn), lead (Pb), and flerovium (Fl). In modern IUPAC notation, it is called Group 14. In the field of semiconductor physics, it is still universally called Group IV.

What is the family of hydrogen?

It does not belong to any family of elements, and though it is a nonmetal, it appears on the left side of the periodic table with the metals. The other elements with it in Group 1 form the alkali metal family, but obviously, hydrogen does not belong with them.