What family does the element chlorine belong to?

Chlorine is a member of the halogen family. Halogens are the elements that make up Group 17 (VIIA) of the periodic table, a chart that shows how elements are related to one another. They include fluorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine.

Likewise, what period is chlorine in?

Chlorine (symbol Cl) is the second lightest halogen, found in the periodic table in group 17. The element forms diatomic molecules under standard conditions, called dichlorine.

What is the name of the alkaline earth metal that is in period 3?

The elements in the alkaline earth metals group; beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), and radium (Ra), have two electrons in their outer electronic shell.

Which elements are similar to chlorine?

Any element with 7 electrons in the outermost shell will have similar properties. Thus other elements in the same column of the periodic table as chlorine will have similar properties. Elements in this column form what is called the Halogen series, which is composed of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine.

What family is chlorine in the periodic table?

Chlorine is in group 17 of periodic table, also called the halogens, and is not found as the element in nature – only as a compound. The most common of these being salt, or sodium chloride, and the potassium compounds sylvite (or potassium chloride) and carnallite (potassium magnesium chloride hexahydrate).

What family does na belong to?

Sodium is a member of the alkali metals family. The alkali family consists of elements in Group 1 (IA) of the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to one another. Other Group 1 (IA) elements are lithium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and francium.

Can you boil chlorine out of tap water?

If you water contains only chlorine and not chloramine, you can drive the chlorine off by boiling the water for 15 minutes. Pros: Faster than waiting for it to off-gas at room temperature.

What period is chlorine in?

Chlorine (symbol Cl) is the second lightest halogen, found in the periodic table in group 17. The element forms diatomic molecules under standard conditions, called dichlorine.

What family does the element magnesium belong to?

Located in the second column of the periodic table, magnesium is in the family of alkaline earth metals with calcium (Ca) and beryllium (Be). When purified, magnesium is a very light and silvery metal.

Where is chlorine found and in what form?

Chlorine can be found in abundance in both the Earth’s crust and in ocean water. In the ocean, chlorine is found as part of the compound sodium chloride (NaCl), also known as table salt. In the Earth’s crust, the most common minerals containing chlorine include halite (NaCl), carnallite, and sylvite (KCl).

What is chlorine made out of?

Chlorine is commonly used as an antiseptic and is used to make drinking water safe and to treat swimming pools. Large amounts of chlorine are used in many industrial processes, such as in the production of paper products, plastics, dyes, textiles, medicines, antiseptics, insecticides, solvents and paints.

Is chlorine a nonmetal?

Many nonmetals are extremely greedy for electrons and will take them from metals. In these reactions, a nonmetal like nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, phosphorus, bromine, or sulfur will attack a metal and steal its electrons. The nonmetal, with its surplus of electrons, is now a ‘negatively’ charged ion.

What element is in Group 2 and Period 7 of the periodic table?

Group 12 element. Group 12, by modern IUPAC numbering, is a group of chemical elements in the periodic table. It includes zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg). The further inclusion of copernicium (Cn) in group 12 is supported by recent experiments on individual copernicium atoms.

What is the family name of sodium?

As we begin our exploration of the third period (row) of the periodic table, we find the element sodium (Na). Being in the first column, sodium is a member of the alkali metal family with potassium (K) and lithium (Li).

What is the chemical formula of chlorine?

The chemical formula for chlorine gas is Cl2. Its molar mass is 70.906 grams per mole. It exists as a yellow-green gas at standard temperature and pressure, and its density is 3.2 grams per liter.

Why do they use chlorine in swimming pools?

Chlorine is the chemical most often used to keep swimming pools and Jacuzzis free of bacteria that can be hazardous to humans. The chlorine solution you pour into the water breaks down into many different chemicals, including hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and hypochlorite ion (OCl-).

Is bleach made from chlorine?

Chemically speaking, chlorine bleach is a water solution of sodium hypochlorite. Common household laundry bleach, used to whiten and disinfect laundry, is typically either 5.25 percent (“regular strength”) or 6 percent sodium hypochlorite (“ultra strength”).

Where does chlorine comes from?

Identified as an element by Sir Humphry Davy in 1810. Occurrence: Found in nature dissolved in salts in seawater and in the deposits of salt mines. Today, most chlorine is produced through the electrolysis of aqueous sodium chloride.

Is chlorine a liquid?

Room temperature is usually taken as being 25°C. At this temperature, fluorine and chlorine are gases, bromine is a liquid, and iodine and astatine are solids. There is therefore a trend in state from gas to liquid to solid down the group.

Where do you find chlorine in nature?

In nature it is only found combined with other elements chiefly sodium in the form of common salt (NaCl), but also in carnallite, and sylvite. Chlorides make up much of the salt dissolved in the earth’s oceans: about 1.9 % of the mass of seawater is chloride ions.

Is chlorine combustible?

Chlorine is not flammable, but it reacts explosively or forms explosive compounds with many common substances. Flashpoint: Chlorine is not combustible, but it enhances combustion of other substances.

What chlorine does to your body?

Even taking a long bath or shower increases a person’s risk for chlorine exposure because chlorine can enter the body through skin absorption or through the eyes, nose, and ears. Chlorine has long been used to disinfect our drinking water because it controls the growth of such unwelcome bacteria as Ecoli and Giardia.