What are the chemical and physical properties of fluorine?

What are the Physical Properties of Fluorine?ColorIt is a pale yellow, white or colourless gasSolubilityIn liquid form it is freely soluble in liquid oxygen and ozoneOdorPungentDensityA density of 1.695 grams per liter, it is 1.3 times as dense as air

What are the compounds of fluorine?

Sodium fluoride (NaF), stannous(II) fluoride (SnF2) and sodium monofluorophosphate (Na2PO3F) are all fluorine compounds added to toothpaste, also to help prevent tooth decay. Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is used to etch glass, including most of the glass used in light bulbs.

What are the physical and chemical properties of xenon?

Chemical properties of xenon – Health effects of xenon – Environmental effects of xenonAtomic number54Electronegativity according to PaulingunknownDensity5.9*10-3g.cm-3 at 20°CMelting point- 112 °CBoiling point- 107 °C

Is fluorine a liquid or a solid?

State at room temperature. Room temperature is usually taken as being 25°C. At this temperature, fluorine and chlorine are gases, bromine is a liquid, and iodine and astatine are solids. There is therefore a trend in state from gas to liquid to solid down the group.

What are the physical and chemical properties of chlorine?

What are the Physical Properties of Chlorine?ColorGreenish-yellowSolubilityIs soluble in water. Its aqueous solution is called chlorine water which consists of a mixture of chlorine, hydrochloric acid, and hypochlorous acidBoiling PointThe boiling point of chlorine is –34.05°CMelting PointThe melting point is –101°C.

Where is fluorine commonly found on Earth?

The main mining areas for fluorite are China, Mexico and Western Europe. Fluorine occurs naturally in the earth’s crust where it can be found in rocks, coal and clay. Fluorides are released into the air in wind-blown soil. Fluorine is the 13th most aboundant element in the Earth’s crust: 950 ppm are contanined in it.

What does fluorine do in the human body?

Fluorine is essential for the normal mineralization of bones and the formation of dental enamel. Thus 96% of the Fluoride in the body is found in bones and teeth. The Fluorine and Calcium has strong affinity between them and work together, mainly in the outer parts of bones.

What is the reactivity of fluorine?

It will react explosively with many elements and compounds such as Hydrogen and water. Elemental Fluorine is slightly basic, which means that when it reacts with water it forms (OH^-). When combined with Hydrogen, Fluorine forms Hydrofluoric acid ((HF)), which is a weak acid.

What are the physical properties of the element argon?

Argon has approximately the same solubility as oxygen and it is 2.5 times as soluble in water as nitrogen . This chemically inert element is colorless and odorless in both its liquid and gaseous forms. It is not found in any compounds.

What is the state of matter of fluorine?

The halogens exist, at room temperature, in all three states of matter – Gases such as Fluorine & Chlorine, Solids such as Iodine and Astatine and Liquid as in Bromine.

Why is fluorine important and how is it used?

Fluorine is a pale yellow gas. It is highly and dangerously reactive. It is highly toxic because it reacts with the water in our body, producing very corrosive hydrofluoric acid. One of the most important aspects of fluorine is that it’s impossible to separate fluorine from its compounds in nature without chemicals.

How many protons and neutrons are in fluorine?

How many (i) protons, (ii) electrons and (iii) neutrons does a neutral fluorine atom have? 9 (same number as the of protons), 10 (19 9) isotopes 23 may 2012. Docx thephysicsteacher. If an atom has 9 protons and 10 neutrons, what is its atomic number the mass of fluorine?

What are the chemical properties of chlorine?

It is extracted from chlorides through oxidation and electrolysis. Chlorine gas is greenish-yellow and combines readily with nearly all other elements. Applications. Chlorine is an important chemical in water purification, in disinfectants, in bleach and in mustard gas.

Why is fluorine harmful?

They point out that fluorine is a deadly poison and that fluorides can be toxic as well. It is true that fluorine gas is very toxic, but the properties of compounds are different than the elements involved. There is little evidence to support these concerns. Fluorides tend to be dangerous only in large doses.

What is the family of fluorine?

In the second column from the right side of the periodic table, you will find Group Seventeen (Group XVII). This column is the home of the halogen family of elements. Who is in this family? The elements included are fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).

Is fluorine reactive?

It is the lightest halogen and exists as a highly toxic pale yellow diatomic gas at standard conditions. As the most electronegative element, it is extremely reactive: almost all other elements, including some noble gases, form compounds with fluorine.

How much is fluorine?

NameFluorineNormal PhaseGasFamilyHalogenPeriod Number2Cost$190 per 100 grams

What are the physical properties of neon?

Ne-249° CDensity0.0009 g/cm³AppearanceNeon is colorless.Other physical propertiesNeon glows when a high electrical voltage is passed through it.Chemical propertiesNeon does not form compounds with other substances and is odorless.

How many electrons are there in a fluorine atom?

Fluorine has seven electrons of it’s own. Lithium gives up its one electron to make both atoms happy. So the fluorine atom has eight electrons, and a filled outer shell.

Is fluorine metal?

Many nonmetals are extremely greedy for electrons and will take them from metals. In these reactions, a nonmetal like nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, phosphorus, bromine, or sulfur will attack a metal and steal its electrons. The nonmetal, with its surplus of electrons, is now a ‘negatively’ charged ion.

Is fluorine a diatomic molecule?

If the diatomic molecule consists of atoms from two different elements, then it is a heteronuclear diatomic molecule. There are seven elements that naturally occur as homonuclear diatomic molecules in their gaseous states: hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine.

How did the element fluorine get its name?

The name fluorine is derived from the mineral fluorite which comes from the Latin word “fluere” meaning “to flow.” The name was suggested by English chemist Sir Humphry Davy.