What are the characteristics of the second generation computer?

Characteristics of Second Generation Computers:

  • Use of transistors.
  • Magnetic memory and magnetic storage disks.
  • High speed I/O devices.
  • Invention and use of high level languages such as Fortran and Cobol.
  • Reduced size.
  • Solution to heat generation.
  • Communication by using telephone line.
  • Improvement of speed and reliability.
  • Thereof, what is the example of second generation computer?

    second-generation computer – Computer Definition. A computer made of discrete transistors and other electronic components. In the early 1960s, the IBM 1401 and Honeywell 400 were examples. See computer generations, IBM 1401 and Honeywell.

    When was the second generation of computers?

    Second Generation: Transistors (1956-1963) The world would see transistors replace vacuum tubes in the second generation of computers. The transistor was invented at Bell Labs in 1947 but did not see widespread use in computers until the late 1950s.

    Who created the second generation of computers?

    John Bardeen (1908–1991), William B. Shockley (1910–1989), and Walter H. Brattain (1902–1987) invented the transistor at Bell Telephone Laboratories in the mid-1940s. By 1948 it was obvious to many that the transistor would probably replace the vacuum tube in devices such as radios, television sets, and computers.

    What are the main features of fifth generation computer?

  • ULSI technology.
  • Development of true artificial intelligence.
  • Development of Natural language processing.
  • Advancement in Parallel Processing.
  • Advancement in Superconductor technology.
  • More user-friendly interfaces with multimedia features.
  • Availability of very powerful and compact computers at cheaper rates.
  • Which generation of computers used vacuum tubes?

    The “first generation” of electronic computers used vacuum tubes, which generated large amounts of heat, were bulky, and were unreliable. A “second generation” of computers, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured boards filled with individual transistors and .

    Who is the inventor of fourth generation of computer?

    The first microprocessor was first introduced in 1971 by Intel, invented by their employee Ted Hoff. They named it the Intel 4004; the first computer on a chip.

    What is the output device?

    An output device is any device used to send data from a computer to another device or user. Most computer data output that is meant for humans is in the form of audio or video. Thus, most output devices used by humans are in these categories. Examples include monitors, projectors, speakers, headphones and printers.

    What is the name of the second generation of computer?

    Second Generation: Transistors (1956-1963) The world would see transistors replace vacuum tubes in the second generation of computers. The transistor was invented at Bell Labs in 1947 but did not see widespread use in computers until the late 1950s.

    What is the example of second generation computer?

    second-generation computer – Computer Definition. A computer made of discrete transistors and other electronic components. In the early 1960s, the IBM 1401 and Honeywell 400 were examples. See computer generations, IBM 1401 and Honeywell.

    Who created the second generation of computers?

    John Bardeen (1908–1991), William B. Shockley (1910–1989), and Walter H. Brattain (1902–1987) invented the transistor at Bell Telephone Laboratories in the mid-1940s. By 1948 it was obvious to many that the transistor would probably replace the vacuum tube in devices such as radios, television sets, and computers.

    What are the 2nd generation of computer?

    The first generation of electronic computers used vacuum tubes, which generated large amounts of heat, were bulky, and were unreliable. A second generation of computers, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured circuit boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic core memory.

    What is the third generation of computers?

    The computers of third generation used Integrated Circuits (ICs) in place of transistors. A single IC has many transistors, resistors, and capacitors along with the associated circuitry. The IC was invented by Jack Kilby. This development made computers smaller in size, reliable, and efficient.

    What are the examples of the third generation of computer?

    5) Magnetic core and solid states as main storage. 6) They were able to reduce computational time and had low maintenance cost. EXAMPLES: PDP-8, PDP-11, ICL 2900, IBM 360, & IBM 370 are good examples for third generation computers.

    Who invented the third generation of computers?

    (IC), signals the beginning of the third generation computers. The Integrated Circuit (IC) was invented in 1958 by Jack Kilby. It combined electronic components onto a small silicon disc, made from quartz. Also in third generation computers, the operating systems allowed the machines to run many different applications.

    What are the characteristics of the third generation of computers?

    Characteristics of third generation computers include:

  • Integrated circuits instead of individual transistors.
  • Smaller, cheaper, more efficient and faster than second generation computers.
  • High-level programming languages.
  • Magnetic storage.
  • What was IBM’s first computer and what year did it come out?

    IBM Personal Computer

    Who invented the fifth generation of computers?

    James Maddox, the inventor of the Company’s US Patent, 6,000,024 (the “024 Patent”), created a unique and novel “Parallel Computing System.” Mr. Maddox began work on the system in 1993 in the middle of a distinguished career, serving as Director of Engineering for the Company from December 1993 through December 1999.

    What it is a transistor?

    A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is composed of semiconductor material usually with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit.

    How much did it cost to build the first computer?

    The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 at a price of US$666.66, because Wozniak “liked repeating digits” and because of a one-third markup on the $500 wholesale price.

    Do they still make IBM computers?

    IBM quit making PCs in 2005, and it quit making servers last year. But it looks like Big Blue will keep pumping out its mainframes forever. Mainframes—the refrigerator-sized, pre-PC computers beloved of government, corporations, and Tron—were long synonymous with IBM, which introduced its first mainframe in 1952.

    What are the first four generations of computers?

    The five generations of computers

  • 1940 – 1956: First Generation – Vacuum Tubes. These early computers used vacuum tubes as circuitry and magnetic drums for memory.
  • 1956 – 1963: Second Generation – Transistors.
  • 1964 – 1971: Third Generation – Integrated Circuits.
  • 1972 – 2010: Fourth Generation – Microprocessors.
  • Which language was used in first generation of computers?

    A first generation (programming) language (1GL) is a grouping of programming languages that are machine level languages used to program first-generation computers. The instructions were given through the front panel switches of these computers, directly to the CPU.