# What are the characteristics of a Mercator projection map?

The Mercator projection is a conformal one meaning that angles and direction are preserved within a small area while distance is distorted. On some occasions the cylinder is rotated; transverse and oblique Mercator projections exist. These projections are generally used to represent specific geographic areas.

Regarding this, what does a straight line on a navigation map using the Mercator projection represent?

It is a cylindrical map projection that is a product of its time. Mercator invented his map projection primarily for navigation. If you draw a straight line between two points on a map created using the Mercator projection, that line represents the direction you need to sail to travel between the two points.

What does the Mercator projection distort?

Although the linear scale is equal in all directions around any point, thus preserving the angles and the shapes of small objects (which makes the projection conformal), the Mercator projection distorts the size of objects as the latitude increases from the Equator to the poles, where the scale becomes infinite.

What is the azimuthal projection used for?

The azimuthal equidistant projection is an azimuthal map projection. It has the useful properties that all points on the map are at proportionately correct distances from the center point, and that all points on the map are at the correct azimuth (direction) from the center point.

## What is the Mercator chart?

Mercator projection. n. A cylindrical map projection in which the meridians and parallels appear as lines crossing at right angles and in which areas appear greater farther from the equator. Straight line segments represent true bearings, thus making this projection useful for navigation.

## Why is the Globe the most accurate representation of the earth?

Earth is best represented by a globe like the one seen in Figure below because Earth is a sphere. Sizes and shapes of features are not distorted and distances are true to scale. A globe is the most accurate way to represent Earth’s curved surface.

## What is a Transverse Mercator?

The transverse Mercator map projection is an adaptation of the standard Mercator projection. The transverse version is widely used in national and international mapping systems around the world, including the UTM.

## How is a Gnomonic projections made?

The gnomonic projection is a nonconformal map projection obtained by projecting points (or ) on the surface of sphere from a sphere’s center to point in a plane that is tangent to a point (Coxeter 1969, p. 93). In a gnomonic projection, great circles are mapped to straight lines.

## What scale is used to measure distance on a Mercator chart?

It’s worth remembering that only the vertical, latitude scale on a Mercator chart can be used to measure distance, not the horizontal longitude scale. This is because each minute of latitude equals one nautical mile, while the distance between minutes of longitude decreases between the equator and the poles.

## What is the use of Gnomonic chart?

A gnomonic map projection displays all great circles as straight lines, resulting in any straight line segment on a gnomonic map showing a geodesic, the shortest route between the segment’s two endpoints.

## What is the stereographic projection?

In geometry, the stereographic projection is a particular mapping (function) that projects a sphere onto a plane. The projection is defined on the entire sphere, except at one point: the projection point.

## How do you measure distance on a chart?

Examine the scale of your chart. In these examples, our chart is in degrees and minutes. Place one point of the dividers at position A and the other point at at position B. Then, maintaining the spread, measure the distance using the latitude scale. In this case, the distance is 15 minutes or 15 nautical miles.

## What is admiralty chart Catalogue?

NP-131 Catalogue (2017 Edition) is a comprehensive reference in graphical and textual form of all Admiralty Charts and Publications worldwide. Listed by region for easy reference with a composite index.

## What is chart catalog?

INTRODUCTION. This catalog is a fully comprehensive reference in graphical and textual form detailing the worldwide inventory of all Admiralty Charts and Publications available for purchase. The catalogue is revised and republished on 1st December every year. It is corrected to 28th August 2003.

## What is a nautical chart used for?

A nautical chart is one of the most fundamental tools available to the mariner. It is a map that depicts the configuration of the shoreline and seafloor. It provides water depths, locations of dangers to navigation, locations and characteristics of aids to navigation, anchorages, and other features.

## What is the use of routing chart?

Routing Charts. Routing charts are essential for use in passage planning for ocean voyages. They include routes and distances between major ports, ocean currents, ice limits, load lines and wind roses, with expected meteorological and oceanographic conditions for each month of the year.

## What is the difference between a map and a chart?

The term “map,” on the other hand, emphasizes landforms and encompasses various geographic and cartographic products. A map usually represents topographical information. A chart is used by mariners to plot courses through open bodies of water as well as in highly trafficked areas.

## What is the difference between a chart and a diagram?

A chart is a graphic representation of data, where a line chart is one form. A plot is the result of plotting statistics as a diagram in different ways, where some of the ways are similar to some chart types. So, a line chart could be called a graph or a plot, while a pie chart is neither a graph nor a plot.

## What is a graph or a chart?

A chart is a graphical representation of data, in which “the data is represented by symbols, such as bars in a bar chart, lines in a line chart, or slices in a pie chart”. A chart can represent tabular numeric data, functions or some kinds of qualitative structure and provides different info.

## What is a chart and a graph?

There are several different types of charts and graphs. The four most common are probably line graphs, bar graphs and histograms, pie charts, and Cartesian graphs. They are generally used for, and best for, quite different things. Bar graphs to show numbers that are independent of each other.

## What are graphs used for?

Line graphs can also be used to compare changes over the same period of time for more than one group. Pie charts are best to use when you are trying to compare parts of a whole. They do not show changes over time. Bar graphs are used to compare things between different groups or to track changes over time.

## Why chart is so important?

A graph or a chart may be defined as a visual presentation of data. Businesses use graphs and charts to help them convey information and to make sense of data. Businesses have a wide variety of graphs and charts to choose from. They can use any of these charts and graphs.

## How does a diagram help the reader?

Using graphs, diagrams and images. Sometimes words aren’t the most effective way to communicate. Using graphs, diagrams and charts can help your reader to get a clearer picture of your research findings and how they compare with other data.

## What is the azimuthal projection used for?

The azimuthal equidistant projection is an azimuthal map projection. It has the useful properties that all points on the map are at proportionately correct distances from the center point, and that all points on the map are at the correct azimuth (direction) from the center point.