Characteristics: Iron is a ductile, gray, relatively soft metal and is a moderately good conductor of heat and electricity. It is attracted by magnets and can be readily magnetized. The pure metal is chemically very reactive and rusts readily in moist air, forming red-brown oxides.
What are some of its properties of iron?
Properties of Iron. Iron is a shiny, bright white metal that is soft, malleable, ductile and strong. Its surface is usually discolored by corrosion, since it combines readily with the oxygen of the air in the presence of moisture. In absolutely dry air, it does not rust.
Who named Iron?
Origin of name : from the Anglo-Saxon word “iron” or “iren” (the origin of the symbol Fe comes from the Latin word “ferrum” meaning “iron”). Possibly the word iron is derived from earlier words meaning “holy metal” because it was used to make the swords used in the Crusades..
What is an ore of iron?
Iron ores are rocks from which metallic iron can be economically extracted. These rocks are usually found in the form of hematite (Fe2O3) or magnetite (Fe3O4). About 98% of world iron ore production is used to make iron in the form of steel.
What is iron made out of?
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from Latin: ferrum) and atomic number 26. It is a metal in the first transition series. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth’s crust.
How is iron extracted from ore?
Iron is extracted from iron ore in a huge container called a blast furnace. Iron ores such as haematite contain iron oxide. The oxygen must be removed from the iron oxide to leave the iron behind. Reactions in which oxygen is removed are called reduction reactions.
What are some interesting facts about iron?
Iron is the sixth most common element in the universe. Iron is the fourth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust by weight. It is the most abundant element in the total composition of the planet. Iron is found in both the inner and outer core of Earth.
Is Iron reactive?
Iron is reactive. It reacts with most acids like sulfuric acid. It makes ferrous sulfate when reacted with sulfuric acid. Iron reacts with air and water to make rust.
Is Lead is a metal?
Lead is a bluish-white lustrous metal. It is very soft, highly malleable, ductile, and a relatively poor conductor of electricity. It is very resistant to corrosion but tarnishes upon exposure to air.
How iron is made of?
A blast furnace is charged with iron ore, charcoal or coke (coke is charcoal made from coal) and limestone (CaCO3). Huge quantities of air blast in at the bottom of the furnace, and the calcium in the limestone combines with the silicates to form slag. Once it cools, this metal is known as pig iron.
Is iron or ductile?
Malleable Iron is rarely specified anymore because ductile iron offers better properties at comparable costs. Cast iron is a family of metals that are iron-carbon-silicon alloys containing more than 2% carbon (C), usually 1 – 3% silicon (Si) and a few other elements for various purposes.
What are the properties of steel?
The most important properties of steel are great formability and durability, good tensile and yield strength and good thermal conductivity. As well as these important properties the most characteristic of the stainless steel properties is its resistance to corrosion.
What family does iron belong to?
Group 8 is a group of chemical element in the periodic table. It consists of iron (Fe), ruthenium (Ru), osmium (Os) and hassium (Hs). They are all transition metals.
What are some of the properties of iron?
Iron is a lustrous, ductile, malleable, silver-gray metal (group VIII of the periodic table). It is known to exist in four distinct crystalline forms. Iron rusts in damp air, but not in dry air. It dissolves readily in dilute acids.
Is mg a metal?
Magnesium. Chemical element, metallic, symbol Mg, situated in group IIa in the periodic table, atomic number: 12, atomic weight: 24,312. Magnesium is silvery white and very light.
What are the properties of aluminum?
Aluminium – Advantages and Properties of Aluminium
Topics Covered. Background.
Background. Physically, chemically and mechanically aluminium is a metal like steel, brass, copper, zinc, lead or titanium.
Electrical and Thermal Conductivity.
Impermeable and Odourless.
What are the physical properties of zinc?
Physical Properties: Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous metal. It is brittle at ambient temperatures but is malleable at 100 to 150°C. It is a reasonable conductor of electricity. The density of zinc is 7.140 g/mL, which means the metal will sink in water and is relatively heavy.
How iron is formed?
Earth’s most important iron ore deposits are found in sedimentary rocks. They formed from chemical reactions that combined iron and oxygen in marine and fresh waters. The two most important minerals in these deposits are iron oxides: hematite (Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4).
What are the physical and chemical properties of iron?
Workability is the ability to bend, roll, hammer, cut, shape, form, and otherwise work with a metal to get it into a desired shape or thickness. The melting point of pure iron is 1,536°C (2,797°F) and its boiling point is about 3,000°C (5,400°F). Its density is 7.87 grams per cubic centimeter.
What are the properties of copper?
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color.