High-risk HPVs cause several types of cancer. Cervical cancer: Virtually all cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV, and just two HPV types, 16 and 18, are responsible for about 70% of all cases (7, 8). Anal cancer: About 95% of anal cancers are caused by HPV. Most of these are caused by HPV type 16.
What type of HPV causes cancer?
Cervical cancer is caused by sexually acquired infection with certain types of HPV. Two HPV types (16 and 18) cause 70% of cervical cancers and precancerous cervical lesions. There is also evidence linking HPV with cancers of the anus, vulva, vagina and penis.
Is HPV is cancer?
The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types of HPV that can cause cancers. HPV cancers include cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, or anus. HPV infection can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils (called oropharyngeal cancer).