What are the causes of the forest fire?

Forest fires always start by one of two ways – naturally caused or human caused. Natural fires are generally started by lightning, with a very small percentage started by spontaneous combustion of dry fuel such as sawdust and leaves. On the other hand, human-caused fires can be due to any number of reasons.

Thereof, what are the two types of forest fires?

There are two main kinds of forest fires, ground fires and canopy fires. In a ground fire the burn stays down near the ground, burning underbrush and smaller trees. It leaves the soil in good condition. Canopy fires burn the entire forest including the tops of big trees.

How does a forest fire affect the environment?

» Understanding Fire Effects on the Environment. But fire can be deadly, destroying homes, wildlife habitat and timber, and polluting the air with emissions harmful to human health. Fire also releases carbon dioxide- a key greenhouse gas—into the atmosphere. Fire’s effect on the landscape may be long-lasting.

What are the benefits of a forest fire?

Established trees have to compete with undergrowth for nutrients and space. Fire clears the weaker trees and debris and returns health to the forest. Clearing brush from the forest floor with low intensity flames can help prevent large damaging wildfires that spread out of control and com- pletely destroy forests.

How does the fire start?

Fires start when a flammable or a combustible material, in combination with a sufficient quantity of an oxidizer such as oxygen gas or another oxygen-rich compound (though non-oxygen oxidizers exist), is exposed to a source of heat or ambient temperature above the flash point for the fuel/oxidizer mix, and is able to

Why do forest fires occur during hot summer?

During hot summers, the hot air blows which increase the friction between the dry leaves and trees and thus lead to fire as they rub against each other.

What is the definition of muck fire?

Muck fires are fires that burn underground. They are started (usually in late winter/early spring in Florida) when buried decomposing vegetation spontaneously combusts or is ignited by lightning strikes. This happens during the dry season as the vegetation begins to dry out.

What is a fire mitigation?

Anyone who owns a home in forested or otherwise fire-prone areas should consider the hazard presented to their property by a wildfire and should attempt to mitigate its effects. By doing wildfire mitigation work, homeowners can substantially increase their safety and reduce the risk to life and property.

What do you mean by social forestry?

Social forestry means the management and protection of forest and afforestation of barren and deforested lands with the purpose of helping environmental, social and rural development. The term, social forestry, was first used in Pakistan in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, Government of India.

What is the difference between agroforestry and social forestry?

Social forestry means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. The term, social forestry, was first used in India in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, Government of India.

What is a farm forestry?

Forest farming is a type of agroforestry practice characterized by the “four I’s”: intentional, integrated, intensive and interactive. Agroforestry is a land management system that combines trees with crops or livestock, or both, on the same piece of land.

What kind of plants are in the forest?

Temperate deciduous forests have a great variety of plant species. Most have three levels of plants. Lichen, moss, ferns, wildflowers and other small plants can be found on the forest floor. Shrubs fill in the middle level and hardwood trees like maple, oak, birch, magnolia, sweet gum and beech make up the third level.

What are the forest crops?

Forest farming is the intentional cultivation of edible, medicinal or decorative specialty crops beneath native or planted woodlands that are managed for both wood and understory crop production.

What is the soil in the forest?

Soil is an important component of forest and woodland ecosystems as it helps regulate important ecosystem processes, such as nutrient uptake, decomposition, and water availability. Soils provide trees with anchorage, water and nutrients.

What is in a forest garden?

Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans.

What food is in the forest?

A food forest is a gardening technique or land management system, which mimics a woodland ecosystem by substituting edible trees, shrubs, perennials and annuals. Fruit and nut trees make up the upper level, while berry shrubs, edible perennials and annuals make up the lower levels.

Is forest soil fertile?

Soils that formed under deciduous forests are very fertile and productive agricultural lands because of the decomposing leaves at the soil surface. However, soils formed under pine trees are usually more acidic and sandy, and are less suited to growing crops.

What type of soil is in the forest?

Deciduous forests have soils called alfisols. These soils do not have a bleached E horizon, but do have clays that accumulate in the subsoils. Alfisols are very common in the Midwestern region, and are the most fertile type of forest soils. In the Southeastern US, there are coniferous forests and temperate forests.

How do forests affect the soil?

Erosion generally decreases productivity of forests by decreasing the available soil water for forest growth and through loss of nutrients in eroded sediment. Research is ongoing into the effects of management practices on forest soil productivity.

What is the color of the forest soil?

Red, yellow, or brown tints to soil indicate the presence of iron oxide. Soils that appear white have more carbonates, such as salts. Progressions of decomposing organic matter make soil dark brown or even black, a purple or purplish black soil color has probably been affected by manganese oxides.