What are the 8 main groups of the periodic table?

  • Group 1 (Alkali Metals)
  • Group 2 (Alkaline Earth Metals)
  • Group 13 (Boron Group)
  • Group 14 (Carbon Group)
  • Group 15 (Nitrogen Group)
  • Group 16 (Chalcogens)
  • Group 17 (Halogens)
  • Group 18 (Noble Gases)
  • Similarly one may ask, what are the different group of periodic table?

    The different rows of elements are called periods. Elements that lie in the same column on the periodic table (called a “group”) have identical valance electron configurations and consequently behave in a similar fashion chemically. For instance, all the group 18 elements are inert, or noble gases.

    What are the groups called in the periodic table?

    Elements in the same group in the periodic table have similar chemical properties. This is because their atoms have the same number of electrons in the highest occupied energy level. Group 1 elements are reactive metals called the alkali metals. Group 0 elements are unreactive non-metals called the noble gases.

    What are the main groups of the periodic table?

    In chemistry and atomic physics, the main group is the group of elements whose lightest members are represented by helium, lithium, beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine as arranged in the periodic table of the elements.

    What is group 0 on the periodic table called?

    The group 0 elements are found on the right hand side of the periodic table. They are called the noble gases because they are very unreactive. The noble gases – Group 0. The highest occupied energy levels (outermost shells) of their atoms are full: helium atoms have two electrons in their outer energy level.

    What is the name of Group 8 on the periodic table?

    Group 8 is a group of chemical element in the periodic table. It consists of iron (Fe), ruthenium (Ru), osmium (Os) and hassium (Hs). They are all transition metals.

    What is the name of group 3 in the periodic table?

    Group 3 is a group of elements in the periodic table. When the group is understood to contain all of the lanthanides, its trivial name is the rare-earth metals. Three group 3 elements occur naturally, scandium, yttrium, and either lanthanum or lutetium.

    What is the name of Group 7 on the periodic table?

    The halogens. The group 7 elements are placed in the vertical column second from right in the periodic table. Chlorine, bromine and iodine are the three Group 7 elements you are likely to see at school. Group 1 elements form salts when they react with metals, which is why they are called the halogens (‘salt formers’).

    How many elements are there in Group 1 of the periodic table?

    There are six elements in group 1 of the periodic table and they are: Lithium. Sodium. Potassium.

    What is the name of Group 2 in the periodic table?

    Group 2 Elements: The Alkaline Earth Metals. The Group 2 alkaline earth metals include Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Barium, Strontium and Radium and are soft, silver metals that are less metallic in character than the Group 1 Alkali Metals.

    What are the names of all the groups in the periodic table?

    The following names for specific groups in the periodic table are in common use:

  • Group 1: alkali metals.
  • Group 2: alkaline earth metals.
  • Group 11: coinage metals (not an IUPAC approved name)
  • Group 15: pnictogens (not an IUPAC approved name)
  • Group 16: chalcogens.
  • Group 17: halogens.
  • Group 18: noble gases.
  • How are groups organized in the periodic table?

    Elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number and organized into columns called groups or families. Elements in the same group share very similar chemical properties. There are seven rows, or periods, which include the two rows found on the island below the table.

    How many groups are there in the periodic table?

    In chemistry, a group (also known as a family) is a column of elements in the periodic table of the chemical elements. There are 18 numbered groups in the periodic table, and the f-block columns (between groups 3 and 4) are not numbered.

    What is a main group metal?

    The main group elements include the active metals in the two columns on the extreme left of the periodic table and the metals, semimetals, and nonmetals in the six columns on the far right. The transition metals are the metallic elements that serve as a bridge, or transition, between the two sides of the table.

    What major change occurs when you move from left to right on the periodic table?

    Electron affinity increases from left to right across the periodic table. This is caused by the decrease in atomic radius. As we already explained, moving from left to right across a period, atoms become smaller and smaller as the atomic number increases.

    Why does atomic size increase?

    This is caused by the increase in the number of protons and electrons across a period. One proton has a greater effect than one electron; thus, electrons are pulled towards the nucleus, resulting in a smaller radius.Atomic radius increases from top to bottom within a group. This is caused by electron shielding.

    What are the rows and columns on the periodic table called?

    As with any grid, the periodic table has rows running left to right, and columns running up and down. The rows are called PERIODS and the columns are called GROUPS. Hydrogen (H) is the first element in the periodic table because it has just one proton in its nucleus.

    Is a carbon a metal?

    Carbon is a solid non-metal element. Pure carbon can exist in two very different forms – diamond and graphite. The table shows some differences between them. Diamond is the hardest natural substance on Earth, but it is also very brittle and will shatter if hit with a hammer.

    What are the three main types of elements?

    The next thing in our review is to classify the elements into three groups. These three groups are: metals, nonmetals, and inert gases. Let’s look at where these groups are located on the periodic table and correlate them with the ability to lose and gain electrons.

    What is the period in the periodic table?

    Periods in the periodic table. In each period (horizontal row), the atomic numbers increase from left to right. The periods are numbered 1 through 7 on the left-hand side of the table. Elements that are in the same period have chemical properties that are not all that similar.

    What happens to the atomic radius as you move down a group on the periodic table?

    – The number of energy levels increases as you move down a group as the number of electrons increases. Each subsequent energy level is further from the nucleus than the last. Therefore, the atomic radius increases as the group and energy levels increase. 2) As you move across a period, atomic radius decreases.

    What is the family of nitrogen?

    This group is also known as the nitrogen family. It consists of the elements nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), bismuth (Bi), and perhaps the chemically uncharacterized synthetic element moscovium (Mc). In modern IUPAC notation, it is called Group 15.

    What is the common name for Group 17 in the periodic table?

    The halogens are located on the left of the noble gases on the periodic table. These five toxic, non-metallic elements make up Group 17 of the periodic table and consist of: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).