Planes of the Body. Coronal Plane (Frontal Plane) – A vertical plane running from side to side; divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions. Sagittal Plane (Lateral Plane) – A vertical plane running from front to back; divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sides.
Likewise, what are the planes through the human body?
The midsagittal (median) plane is in the midline through the center of the body, and all other sagittal planes are parallel to it. The coronal plane (frontal or Y-X plane) divides the body into dorsal and ventral (back and front) portions. It also separates the anterior and posterior portions.
What is the midsagittal plane?
The median plane also called a mid-sagittal plane is used to describe the sagittal plane as it bisects the body vertically through the midline marked by the navel, dividing the body exactly in left and right side. The term parasagittal plane is used to refer to any plane parallel to the sagittal and median plane.
What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior?
The sagittal plane or median plane (longitudinal, anteroposterior) is a plane parallel to the sagittal suture. It divides the body into left and right. The coronal plane or frontal plane (vertical) divides the body into dorsal and ventral (back and front, or posterior and anterior) portions.
Which term means the lower part of the body?
Cephalic -towards the head, caudal-towards the feet, anterior/ ventral means the front of body, posterior/dorsal is the back of the body. also known as the midline, divides the body to an equal left and right halves. means toward the lower part of the body.
What is the anterior and posterior?
Recall that the word anterior means that something is towards the front of the body, while the word posterior means that something is towards the back of the body. We also have the term superior, which means towards the head or above something and the word inferior, which means towards the feet or below something.
What is the front side of the body called?
frontal plane. divides the body into anterior (ventral) and posterior (dorsal) portions. this place created the front part of the body and the back part of the body. also is called the coronal plane.
What is the transverse plane?
The transverse plane (also called the horizontal plane, axial plane, or transaxial plane) is an imaginary plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts. It is perpendicular to the coronal plane and sagittal plane.
Which plane is also known as a Parasagittal plane?
A parasagittal plane is any plane that divides the body into left and right portions, parallel to the sagittal plane, but not directly in the midline. Thus a parasagittal plane divides the body into unequal left and right portions, but remains parallel to the median or sagittal suture.
What is the proximal?
Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal.
What is the trunk of the human body?
The torso or trunk is an anatomical term for the central part of the many animal bodies (including that of the human) from which extend the neck and limbs.
What movement occurs in the frontal plane?
Flexion and Extension.
Abduction and Adduction.
Pronation, Supination, Inversion and Eversion.
What are the different planes of movement?
Coronal Plane (Frontal Plane) This is a vertical plane running from side to side that divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior (or dorsal and ventral) parts. The primary movements in the frontal plane are abduction (movement of any part of the body in line with the frontal plane), and adduction.
What is the definition of sagittal plane?
The terms median plane or mid-sagittal plane are sometimes used to describe the sagittal plane running through the midline. This plane cuts the body into halves (assuming bilateral symmetry), passing through midline structures such as the navel and spine.
What is the oblique plane of the body?
Planes: Because who said anatomy didn’t require an imagination?Frontal (Coronal) planeDivides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portionsMidsagittal planeDivides the body at midline into equal right and left sides.Oblique planeDivides the body at an angle.
What is the ventral surface?
Ventral: Pertaining to the front or anterior of any structure. The ventral surfaces of the body include the chest, abdomen, shins, palms, and soles. Ventral is as opposed to dorsal. From the Latin “venter” meaning belly.
What is the lateral side?
Medical Definition of Lateral. Lateral: 1. In anatomy, the side of the body or a body part that is farther from the middle or center of the body. Typically, lateral refers to the outer side of the body part, but it is also used to refer to the side of a body part.
What is a cavity in the body?
A body cavity is any fluid-filled space in a multicellular organism other than those of vessels (such as blood vessels and lymph vessels). The human body cavity normally refers to the ventral body cavity, because it is by far the largest.
What are the different anatomical directions?
Anatomical directional terms are like the directions on a compass rose of a map. Like the directions, North, South, East and West, they can be used to describe the locations of structures in relation to other structures or locations in the body.
What is the frontal plane?
A coronal plane (also known as the frontal plane) is any vertical plane that divides the body into ventral and dorsal (belly and back) sections. It is one of the three main planes of the body used to describe the location of body parts in relation to each other.axis.
What are the two major anatomical regions of the body?
Major Anatomical Regions of the Body (Martini Chapter 1)
Cephalon (head) Cephalic Region.
Cervicis (neck) Cervical Region.
Thoracis (thorax or chest) Thoracic Region.
Brachium (arm) Brachial region.
Antebrachium (forearm) Antebrachial region.
Carpus (wrist) Carpal region.
Manus (hand) Manual region.
Abdomen. Abdominal region.
How many sagittal plane movements are there and what are their names?
Movements of the human body are often described in terms of the ‘plane’ in which they pass through. There are three planes of the human body, these planes are shown in the following table. The frontal plane passes through the body from left to right, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions.
What is proximal and distal?
Proximal then refers to something closer to the torso while distal refers to parts and places away from the torso. So a finger is distal to the wrist, which is distal to the elbow, which is distal to the shoulder.